Each lady and gents should be cautious about Skin Health and Skin Diseases. We know that skin is a protective organ and is the largest in the human body. As any substance that irritates the skin leads to inflammation, itching, burning, and redness of the skin that eventually affects the appearance of the skin. Skin changes can also be caused by some disease or infection. Skin disorders range from increasing / decreasing skin pigment, sensations, scaling to the appearance of blisters, nodules, rashes.
Some of the facts about skin problems are listed below.
- Acne: A disease that affects the oily glands of the skin. Small holes in the skin (pores) connect to the oil glands below the skin. These glands produce a substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands through a channel called the follicle. When the follicle of a skin gland becomes clogged, a basket grows. Acne is the most common skin disease; about 80 percent of all people have acne at some point. The best way to prevent scarring is early treatment. Your doctor may suggest over-the-counter or over-the-counter medications.
2. Eczema: It is a chronic skin disease and also known as atopic dermatitis. The most common symptoms are dry skin and itching, rashes on the face, inside the elbow, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Currently, there is no single test for the diagnosis of eczema, so doctors rely on information about you and your family.
3. Hives: Red swelling and sometimes itching on the skin. The main reason for this is an allergic reaction to a drug or food. People who have other allergies are more likely to have urticaria than others. Urticaria is very common. These will go away with time and if it gets serious then there is the requirement for medical help.
4. Impetigo: This Skin infection is due to bacteria. The main cause is usually staphylococcus (staphylococcus), but sometimes streptococcus (streptococcus) can occur, too. It is most common for children as young as 2 years old and 6. It usually starts when bacteria enter the skin when it breaks down. Such as an incision, scratch, or insect bite. Symptoms begin with a red or basket-like wound, surrounded by red skin. These wounds usually occur on the face, arms, and legs. Wounds heal with pus, then open after a few days and form a thick layer. You can treat impetigo with antibiotics.
5. Melanoma: A serious and potentially fatal skin cancer. What to look for moles on your skin for :
Asymmetry: the size of one half does not match the other
Edge: edges are broken, blurred, or irregular
Color: The color is uneven and may include shades of black, brown, or dark brown.
Diameter: There is usually a change in size, usually increased size. People with melanoma may have surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these.
6. Moles: This occurs when skin cells, called melanocytes, develop into groups of tissues surrounding them. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles. A person may develop new moles from time to time, usually up to about 40 years. About one in 10 people have at least one abnormal (or atypical) mole that looks different from a regular mole. They may be more likely than regular moles to develop into a type of melanoma or skin cancer. For this reason, you should have health care check your moles if they look unusual, grow large, change color or contour, or any other way.
7. Psoriasis: A skin disease that causes scaling and swelling and can be found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet. This causes patches and silvery in color. It is often hard to diagnose. Doctors need to see it very minutely under a microscope to identify it because it looks like other skin diseases.
8. Rashes: Also called dermatitis. This is basically dry and itchy skin. It can occur on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet.
9. Skin Cancer: Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. The common types of skin cancer are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They can occur on the head, face, neck, hands, and arms. Another type is melanoma, more dangerous but less common.
10. Wrinkles: This is when the skin changes with age. You may notice wrinkles, age spots, and dryness. The major cause of skin aging Sunlight. Smoking also contributes to wrinkles. Wrinkle increases with the number of cigarettes and the number of years a person smoked. There are many products that claim that they revive the skin aging damaged by sun rays but very few have been given FDA approval.
What are its main signs and symptoms?
The main signs and symptoms of skin disorders are:
- Opening of ulcer
- wounds cause dry skin change,
- skin rash or itchy scars
- Itching or painful rash,
- swollen spots,
- skin spots, discoloration,
- fluid-filled blisters,
- open wounds,
- relieves wrinkles,
- skin inflammation
What are the main reasons?
- The main reasons for skin diseases and disorders are:
- allergy to medicines,
- pollen or insect bites,
- age pregnancy
- skin cancer
- liver or kidney problems,
- weakened immunity
- Poor skin hygiene
- Genetic factors
- Side effects of medicines
- Burns of irritating chemicals on the skin.
- Susceptibility to warts,
- diabetes virus, fungus, or a bacterial autoimmune condition, eg lupus
How is it diagnosed and treated?
In addition to a thorough physical examination and detailed historical analysis, the diagnosis of skin diseases and disorders is made using the following methods:
- Patch test – culture test to detect the presence of infection and reactions to any substance – fungi, bacteria, Or identifying the presence of the virus that causes the disease.
- Biopsy looks for a benign tumor in the cancerous tissue or skin.
Many people overlook these skin disorders and diseases and they do not consider visiting a doctor. They take the medicine and treatment themselves. If you are experiencing above mentioned type of skin problem always take the advice of healthcare professionals.