Worldwide, 14.2 million people between the ages of 30–69 die of diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure each year. Some of these diseases have developed into hereditary or communicable diseases.
Some of the foremost common lifestyle diseases are:
1. Obesity: We all know the word and we ignore it. Check your BMI to find out that you have reached this level. If it is more than 25, then you are in the weighted range. Healthy eating habits, stressful lifestyles, low physical activity result in obesity. Any person who is overweight has breathing problems, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, etc.
According to the Family Health Survey, India ranks second with 155 million obesity and this figure is increasing by 33–51% every year.
2. Type 2 diabetes: As mentioned in article 1, obesity is one of the leading causes of type-2 diabetes. Type II diabetes is a type of non-insulin that grows in adults due to poor diet and poor lifestyle choices. India has the highest number of type 2 diabetes cases at 40.9 million. The number is increasing with children entering the gang.
3. Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis occurs when the walls of the arteries enlarge and harden the cavity. It can often cause problems with circulation, chest pain, and heart disease. Arteriosclerosis also depends on obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. At least 30–40% of cardiac deaths occur in the age group of 34–64 in India.
4. Heart disease: Any imbalance or abnormality affecting the heart muscle and blood vessel walls can be called heart disease. Smoking, diabetes, and high cholesterol contribute to physical development. It comes first in India when it comes to heart patients with 5 million health problems.
5. Hypertension: 100 million people in India suffer from hypertension. Some of the common causes of high blood pressure are anxiety, obesity, genetic issues, and unhealthy eating habits. When your blood pressure reading is 140/90 or higher, your blood pressure is high. Once this happens, you will experience severe pain.
6. Cancer: As we move forward due to a stressful lifestyle, our body’s security decreases. This means that white blood cells will lose their ability to fight the virus that enters our body. Thus, abnormal cell growth can occur, which can be terminated by cancer. Cancer can occur due to many reasons such as smoking (lung cancer), exposure to strong sunlight (skin cancer).
7. Stroke: When blood vessels in the brain block oxygen supply in the area where the brain takes blood, its result is called a stroke. High blood pressure, if taken carelessly, may cause a stroke. Stroke can also be induced due to genetics.
8. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPB is caused by chronic obstruction of the airways. An increase in air pollution due to factors such as gas leakage and smoking can make the situation worse. In 2014, 4.3 million cases were diagnosed in India.
9. Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis can be defined as a group of liver diseases. The liver can negatively affect the use of heavy alcohol and chronic hepatitis. It has become a common lifestyle disorder as many people drink alcohol daily so that they can cope with stress.
10. Nephritis: When there is inflammation of the kidneys which performs an abnormal function, it is called nephritis. There are many causes of nephritis, one of which is an allergic reaction to medication or antibiotics. In addition, it can also be caused by a bacterial infection, which can enter food in ways not designed in hygienic conditions.